Heart failure is prevalent across the Commonwealth and develops when a patient’s heart cannot deliver enough oxygen. The clinical teams at UK HealthCare provide world-class care to 40,000 patients with this condition each year.
Thanks to a recent four-year, $2.2 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant, a team of cardiologists, scientists, and engineers at the University of Kentucky and beyond will create computer models that optimize the therapy plan for patients with heart failure.
“This is not about implementing a standard practice. This is about how we can push back the frontiers,” said Kenneth Campbell, PhD, professor of cardiovascular medicine at the UK College of Medicine and a co-principal investigator (PI) on the NIH grant.
Dr. Campbell said most patients with heart failure typically receive a standardized treatment that includes a beta blocker, an ACE inhibitor, and perhaps an SGLT2 inhibitor. While studies show that these drugs help patients live longer, Dr. Campbell’s team members are combining biology, mathematics, and engineering to develop personalized therapies that will improve care.
They will do so by building computer models of the heart, that grow and evolve over time and which can be used to test which combination of potential therapies works best for each patient.
“Our idea is to create computer models that are tailored to each patient,” Dr. Campbell said. “The doctor will press a button, and a couple of hours later, get a prediction that their patient will do best with this particular set of drugs and surgical interventions. That combination will be different for you. It’ll be different for me. It’ll be different for each person.”
Dr. Campbell’s primary expertise is on the molecules of the heart. The UK College of Medicine’s Alliance Research Initiative helped him forge connections with experts in cardiology and mechanical engineering to catalyze progress.
Partners on this grant-funded project include Emma Birks, MD, PhD, and Gaurang Vaidya, MD, faculty from the UK College of Medicine; co-PI Jonathan Wenk, PhD, Gill Associate Professor at the UK College of Engineering; and co-PI Lik Chuan Lee, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Michigan State University.
While Dr. Birks, professor of medicine, and Dr. Vaidya, assistant professor of medicine, provide clinical expertise in heart failure, Dr. Wenk and Dr. Lee are leaders in computer modeling of beating hearts.
Along with promoting scientific discovery, the NIH grant will fund postdoctoral fellows and provide new learning opportunities for undergraduate, graduate, and MD/PhD students.
The big picture is that “in 10 years’ time, cardiologists won’t have to give everybody the same standard therapies. They will use a computer to develop personalized treatment plans that will help each one of their patients to live better.” Dr. Campbell said